Before deciding on what terms they will offer you a mortgage loan (which they base on their risk), lenders need to discover two things about you: your ability to repay the loan, and your willingness to repay the loan. To assess whether you can repay, they look at your income and debt ratio. In order to assess your willingness to pay back the mortgage loan, they consult your credit score.
The most widely used credit scores are FICO scores, which Fair Isaac & Company, a financial analytics agency, developed. The FICO score ranges from 350 (high risk) to 850 (low risk). You can learn more about FICO here.
Credit scores only take into account the information contained in your credit profile. They don't consider income or personal characteristics. Fair Isaac invented FICO specifically to exclude demographic factors. Credit scoring was developed as a way to consider solely that which was relevant to a borrower's likelihood to repay a loan.
Deliquencies, derogatory payment behavior, current debt level, length of credit history, types of credit and number of credit inquiries are all considered in credit scores. Your score comes from both the good and the bad in your credit report. Late payments count against you, but a record of paying on time will improve it.
Your credit report must contain at least one account which has been open for six months or more, and at least one account that has been updated in the past six months for you to get a credit score. This payment history ensures that there is enough information in your report to calculate an accurate score. If you don't meet the criteria for getting a credit score, you might need to work on a credit history before you apply for a mortgage.
SelectPlus Lending can answer questions about credit reports and many others. Call us: 818-889-7300.